Literacy & Dyslexia

Approximately one-third of the population is not hard-wired to learn to read.  For most of these children, a quality, phonics-based instructional program is sufficient for them to acquire and develop age-appropriate reading skills alongside their peers. However, quality phonics instruction alone will be insufficient for a significant portion of these children. Best estimates indicate between 17-25% of these children will continue to demonstrate exceptional struggles with literacy and may ultimately be diagnosed with dyslexia. Most of these children have persistent deficits in phonological awareness, but also have discrete deficits across other areas of learning that define their unique diagnosis of dyslexia. These deficits not only prevent these children from keeping pace with their peers in literacy, but also may derail their individual development in grammar, narratives, orthographic awareness, and writing.


Understanding the variable contributors of each child's developmental dyslexia is key to determining how to provide and maintain intervention so these children can realize their learning potentials. Parents need support identifying and obtaining help for their child's unique learning needs. The education and training of speech-language pathologists uniquely qualifies them to identify a child's discrete learning needs, design and implement individualized interventions. 

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Red Flags for Dyslexia


Difficulty recognizing rhyming patterns

Family history of reading and/or spelling difficulities

Kinder & 1st Grade

Difficulty recognizing letters in own name

School Age

Avoids reading out loud

Reading is slow and awkward

Trouble reading unfamiliar words

Difficulty learning and remembering letter names

Difficulty with sounding out words

Difficulty associating letters with sounds

Does not understand that words come apart

Complaints about how hard reading is

Trouble reading unfamiliar words

Doesn't have a strategy for reading new words